UN chief: The world is living in the 'shadow of nuclear disaster'

US Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned on Friday that the world was living "in the shadow of nuclear disaster" due to growing mistrust and tensions between the nuclear powers.

UN chief: The world is living in the 'shadow of nuclear disaster'

The UN chief told a high-level meeting marking the recent International Day for the Abolition of Nuclear Weapons that progress on getting rid of nuclear weapons "has stalled and is in danger of being reversed." And he said tensions between nuclear-armed nations have "increased the nuclear threat" from weapons.

Guterres, for example, has expressed deep concern over the growing conflict between the Trump administration and China. Relations between the United States and Russia are at an all-time low. Nuclear-armed India and Pakistan are fighting over Kashmir, and India still had a border clash with China. And North Korea is proud of its nuclear weapons.

Without naming any country, Guterres said nuclear weapons modernization programs "threaten the race for quality nuclear weapons", not to increase the number of weapons but to "make them faster, more sticky and more accurate". Is.

Guterres also referred to the only agreement on the size of the world's largest nuclear weapons - the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty between the United States and Russia -, which expires next year.

"It is imperative that the two countries extend it without a maximum delay of five years," he said, warning that without the agreement, "there is a dangerous possibility of a return to unorganized strategic competition."

The Secretary-General said the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, or NPT, which is celebrating its 50th anniversary this year, is the cornerstone of nuclear weapons and its efforts to stop the spread of nuclear weapons.

The five-year review of its implementation was postponed’ until next year due to the COVID-19 epidemic, and Guterres urged his 191 parties to use the extra time to strengthen the agreement, which includes "nuclear weapons." That includes solid progress toward elimination. "

Guterres said he was also looking forward to entering into the first nuclear non-proliferation treaty, adopted in July 2017 by 122 countries. Once it is 50 ratified, the agreement will take effect in 90 days, and with the ratification of Malaysia on September 30, it is now 46.

At Friday's high-level meeting, 103 of the 193 US member states agreed to speak every two minutes. But many talked for a long time, but only 79 spoke, and the United States said it would post the rest.

Among the major nuclear powers, Russia and China were on the list of speakers but could not be reached’ for comment. The United Kingdom and France walked out. North Korea and Israel, which is widely rumored to have a nuclear weapon, have never publicly acknowledged it. India and Pakistan were supposed to talk, but only India had to comment.

Many speakers recalled that the meeting took place 75 years after the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, killing 210,000 people and accelerating the end of World War II.

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javed Zarif, whose country is still part of the 2015 agreement with Russia, China, Britain, France and Germany, aimed at preventing the Islamic Republic from acquiring nuclear weapons, said the meeting "Provides a unique opportunity to mobilize the world. Free humanity from nuclear dreams.

In pre-arranged remarks, Zarif accused the United States of "developing new nuclear weapons and recklessly lowering the threshold for their deployment." He said the United States had "severely damaged the NPT" by illegally withdrawing from the 2015 nuclear deal with Iran. 1987 mid-range nuclear deal with Russia on missiles.

Zarif also lashed out at US support for Israel, saying "the only owner of nuclear weapons in our region." He called on the international community to "force Israel - which has a strong DNA aggression - to gain immediate access to the NPT and dismantle its nuclear arsenal" and "to intervene." To appear before the government for inspection.

The Iranian minister called on the General Assembly to declare "a mandatory rule of international law that a nuclear war cannot be won - and should never be fought," and that "a timely nuclear disarmament We have to develop a solid program.”

"Imagine if billions of dollars lost globally were spent on financing the war against Code 19," Zarif said.

Indian Foreign Minister Harsh Vardhan Shringla reiterated the country's long-standing commitment to nuclear disarmament through a step-by-step process, saying it was "meaningful" to build trust and confidence in all nuclear-weapon states. Need to talk.

Despite the "catastrophic inhumane consequences" of the atomic bombings, Swedish Foreign Minister Anne Linde said "the nuclear threat still exists and the multilateral is under intense pressure."

"Polarization and lack of trust is a dangerous mixture, which we cannot ignore," he said.

Linde called on the United States and Russia to immediately expand the new startup and welcomed recent talks on "a broader, follow-on agreement, which could include China."

Sweden has launched the Stockholm Initiative on Nuclear Disarmament with 15 non-nuclear countries, which aims to "provide political support for the effective disarmament agenda under the NPT framework."

Indonesian Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi said "no significant progress" had been made’ by nuclear-armed states in reducing their arsenals, and that current efforts to modernize them had resulted in "growing trust between countries." Is a loss. "

He called for the implementation of the NPT, strengthening of arms embargoes, early ratification of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and for all nuclear-weapon states to become parties to a nuclear-free zone.

"Maintaining nuclear weapons is clearly a zero-sum situation, while the complete elimination of such weapons will ensure the supremacy of humanity," Marsudi said.


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