Other efforts in Poland differ from the virus

After Poland failed to run its planned elections on May 10, France joined the UK, Italy, and Russia in re-determining the vote due to the epidemic. In its second attempt to vote for the presidency on June 28, the Polish government is trying to address concerns about democratic deficiencies that have contributed to the postponement of the first attempt. Poland's stubborn experience reveals some problems that the United States needs to address when it comes to its own presidential election in November.

1. What is the plan?

Poland will host its first hybrid ballot, with polling centers open to those who want to vote in person, and mail-in votes that cannot catch the virus or leave the ballot. It follows an abandoned plan to hold elections through an unused vote-by-mail process, criticized by the outgoing head of the Supreme Court and the International Monitor. The Independent National Electoral Commission, which has a record of overseeing controversial ballots for the past three decades, will also regain its lead in the June elections after the government sidelined it in preparation for the May election.

2. Why was the vote cast?

This is not a change of heart for Jaroslav Kaczynski, the leader of the ruling Law and Justice Party, who has fired President Bidiraj Duda's popularity before the virus crisis. The ruling camp is full of concerns that parliamentarians will reject the mail-in ballot on the basis of transparency and fairness, and question the validity of the election.

3. Are there still concerns about legitimacy?

Constitutional experts are divided on whether zero elections and new voting times are determined by law. In addition, Duda appointed a former deputy justice minister in May to run the Supreme Court - an organization that ultimately confirms the legitimacy of the election - in a controversial process that has obscured the country's vague legal status after nearly five years of law and justice shedding. Light on the Rule. The government has repeatedly sued the European Union for undermining the independence of the judiciary and the democratic standards of the alliance. According to Theory-Tank, under the guise of fighting the epidemic, there is concern that the government may interfere more with the election process if it is not happy with the results. After delaying Poland's May elections, Kaczynski's closest international ally, Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orb,n, proposed that he would waive his right to rule his country after the international boycott.

4. What are the risks?

Noting that the pro-democracy think-tank suffers from dangers. However, the polls will only have one day to get them from the post office as they cannot get postal ballots to their address. Not all batches abroad are likely to cast their ballots, which affects 382,000 people in that segment who registered for the June elections. In some countries, such as the UK, Germany, and the United States - which have extensive Polish diaspora - mail is the only way to vote.

5. Have the dynamics of the campaign changed?

Duda saw its popularity in April as the face of government COVID-aid measures. He still heads the referendum, but his support has been weakened by the financial crisis. They have been accused of overlooking their own guidelines on social distance or unnecessary travel. On July 12, in the second round of the race, Warsaw Mayor Rafael Trezakovsky won the first round, fell to a majority, and lost to his main rival, Warsaw Mayor Rafael Trezakovsky.

6. What’s in the election?

Kaminski has elected Duda, a former eminent parliamentarian and powerful public speaker of the European Union, to represent law and justice in the 2015 presidential election. Since then, the head of state has been close to the ruling party, raising concerns among critics that he is more than a figurehead for a powerful party owner. If those in power are defeated, it could endanger Poland's five-year nationalism, as there are not enough seats in parliament to block the presidential veto. One of the key elements of the party's campaign to return to Catholic roots, to oppose the EU's liberal, multicultural values ​​and to strengthen its grip on power, is to rely on Poland.

7. Has the campaign warmed up?

With this high stake, the massive public sector system is pulling out all the stops to promote the opportunities of the campaign. According to the Butte Foundation, "benefitting from the vast resources of the state, especially when their campaign is practically run by public television." Public TV queried whether Trejakovsky was a "true Catholic" and said he plans to sell national interests to foreign lobbies as president, running reports on whether his son first went into communication. Meanwhile, Duda portrayed homosexuals as enemies of what he called "LGBT ideology," and just four days before his leadership voted to increase the credibility of President Donald Trump.

8. Is a fair election possible during the epidemic?

South Korea has shown that it is. The April 15 poll included temperature checks for voters, protective gear for polling station workers and special stations outside hospitals for the infected. Because there are no reports of infection due to people waiting in line, voting is strong. But South Korea has been praised for using testing and tracing without the need for businesses to stop or restrict travel. The outbreak is at its peak, with Poland reporting three new cases in the first four days of June. Prior to the November presidential election, the basics were affected by the confusion about the safety of polling station workers and voting by mail.

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